Disruptions to critical services, and the infrastructure that supports them, can significantly impact the health, safety, and wellbeing of Canadians. Coastal erosion, reduction in ice cover, thawing permafrost, and higher temperatures increase risks to transportation, trade, energy, health services, and food and water security. Current systems were designed based on historical data, standards, and codes that do not reflect a changing climate. They were not intended to accommodate the adverse effects of future extreme weather events or slow onset changes amplified by climate change. Costs related to these types of events are increasing and could cost Canada $21-$43 billion per year by 2050. In 2018, the British Columbia wildfire season was the largest on record in terms of hectares burned (over 1.25 million hectares). In early May 2017, a strong and prolonged precipitation event caused historic floods in eastern Ontario and western Québec. The flooding caused thousands of people to evacuate their homes, and even more were affected by the flooding. The response to the flooding required over 2,000 Canadian Armed Forces personnel to be deployed to assist in relief efforts. The 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire displaced 90,000 people, destroyed approximately 2,400 homes and other buildings, and caused disruptions in local economic activities. With insured losses in excess of $3.5 billion, this fire was the costliest insurable loss in Canada's history. Preparing Canadians for a changing climate and maintaining critical services will require effective emergency planning and infrastructure that can withstand the impacts of climate change. This will be increasingly challenging as extreme weather events escalate and require industry, the not-for-profit sector, academia, and all levels of government to work together.